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Volvo Amazon

Volvo Amazon Sedan Automobile 1967

Source.

Volvo Amazon Sedan 1967

The Volvo Amazon was a mid-size car manufactured by Volvo Cars from 1956 until July 3 1970[1] at the company's Torslandaverken[2] with 667,323 vehicles produced.

Volvo Amazon skating on ice

Video Movie Film Clip

 
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Compared to its predecessor, the PV, the Amazon offered in an additional body style (four-door sedan) sharing both the wheelbase from the PV as well as its tall posture and high H-point seating. Notably, the Amazon was the first car to feature three-point seat belts, and the first to have any kind of seat belt as standard equipment.[citation needed]

When originally introduced, the car was called the Amason (with an 's')[1], which derives from the fierce female warriors of Greek mythology, the Amazons. Volvo modified the spelling to Amazon and used the name for the range up until 1961, when it initiated its new tri-digit nomenclature and the line became known as the 120 Series.[1]

Styling and design

The Amazon's styling was inspired by American cars of the early 1950s, strongly resembling the Chrysler New Yorker sedan and the Chrysler 300C hardtop Coupe. According to designer Jan Wilsgaard, the Amazon's styling was inspired by a Kaiser automobile he saw at the Gothenburg harbour.[3]

Notably, the Amazon featured strong articulation front to rear, pronounced "shoulders", and slight but visible tailfins. These features became inspiration for Peter Horbury when reconceiving Volvo's design direction with the V70 after decades of rectilinear, slab-sided, boxy designs.[4]

 

Station wagon

The station wagon (estate) version was introduced at the 1962 Stockholm Auto Show, and Volvo manufactured 73,000 examples between 1962 and 1969.[5] The Amazon estate featured a bi-parting tailgate, a lower section folding down to provide a load surface and an upper section that hinged overhead. The vehicle's rear license plate, attached to the lower tailgate, could fold "up" such that when the tailgate was lowered and the vehicle in use, the license plate was still visible. This idea was used by the original 1959 Austin Mini. In recent years a similar arrangement was used on the tailgate of the Subaru Baja.

Notably, the Amazon platform was used as the basis for the P1800 and P1800ES.[6]

History

The first Amazon was manufactured in July 1956 and carried the internal designation 120 series. Further iterations included the 121, the base model with a single carburetor 66 bhp (49 kW) engine, the 122S introduced in 1958 as a performance model equipped with a dual carburetor 85 bhp (63 kW) engine, and the later 130 (two door sedan), 120 (four door sedan) and 220 (4-door estate wagon) models.

In 1966 the Volvo PV ended production, replaced by the Amazon Favorit, a simpler version of the Amazon. The newer Volvo 140 was becoming the company's mainstream model, and the last of the four door 120 saloons were produced in 1967.[7] In 1967 came the 123GT that was a 130 with high compression B18B engine (from the Volvo P1800), M41 gearbox, fully reclining seats, front fog and driving lights (on some markets), alternator, fender mounted mirrors, special steering wheel, dash with a shelf and tachometer, and other cosmetic upgrades. In 1969 the displacement of the old B18 engine was increased and the engine was called the B20.

Volvo Amazon Car

Wikimedia Commons http://biphome.spray.se/anders.jensen/

A Saab 96 (left) and a Volvo Amazon (right) line up to race.

While the car was sold as the Volvo Amazon in Sweden, it was marketed using the model number in most other countries, commonly, the Volvo 122; the name "Amazon" was already a registered trademark in various markets by German moped manufacturer Kreidler.

The Amazon's mechanics and modified floor pan were used in the Volvo P1800 sports car.

Notably, the 1976 film All the President's Men (about Watergate), featured a grey Amazon driven by the investigative reporters (Woodward and Bernstein).

Features

Original specifications for the Amazon included Volvo's new B16 engine, a 3-speed manual gearbox (H6) and rear wheel drive. In 1958 the sport model, Amazon Sport, was released and later the same year the Amazon became the first series produced car with a two-point safety belt in the front seats as standard. In 1962, Volvo introduced a two door version, a five door wagon, and the new B18 engine, deleting two-tone paint and upholstery. In 1965 the Amazon colour-coordinated embossed vinyl upholstery and door panels became available.

Volvo Amazon Station Wagon

Source

Volvo Amazon Wagon 1966

Volvo Amazon Car

Source

Volvo 122

The new gearbox selections were the three speed M30 (briefly offered with an automatic electric clutch), the four speed M40 and the M41 with four speed and overdrive. The M31 gearbox was also introduced in 1961 but was only available that year (a three speed fully synchronized gearbox with overdrive on both second and third direct gears). Gearbox options on the 121 were the M30, M31 and M40 while gearbox options on the 122S were the M40 and M41 gearboxes. In 1964 the Borg-Warner BW35 three speed automatic transmission also became available on the four-door and two-door. From 1967 to 1968 the BW35 was also available on the five-door wagon.

References and Notes

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Comments Questions & Answers

Did Volvo ever do a limousine version of the 122/Amazon? I created this with paintbrush. Its an educated guess as to how it might have looked.

Volvo Amazon Car

 

 

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Text and images from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. under the GNU Free Documentation License  - Disclaimers  Please verify all information from other sources  as no liability can be accepted for the accuracy of this page.Published by Y2U.co.uk

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