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Triumph Spitfire

The Triumph Spitfire was a small British two-seat sports car, introduced in 1962. The vehicle was based on a design produced for Standard-Triumph in 1957 by Italian designer Giovanni Michelotti. The codename for the vehicle was the "Bomb". The car was largely based on the Triumph Herald small saloon.
 

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Models

Five separate Spitfire models were sold during the production run:

Model name Engine Year Number built
Triumph Spitfire 4 (Mark I) 1147 cc 1962–1965 45,763[1]
Triumph Spitfire Mark II 1147 cc 1965–1967 37,409[1]
Triumph Spitfire Mark III 1296 cc 1967–1970 65,320[1]
Triumph Spitfire Mark IV 1296 cc 1970–1974 70,021[1]
Triumph Spitfire 1500 1493 cc 1974–1980 95,829[1]

Spitfire MkI

Production: - 1962-1964 - 45,753 made

Engine: - 1147 cc Straight-4

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The Triumph Spitfire was originally devised by Standard-Triumph to compete in the small sports car market which had opened up with the introduction of the Austin-Healey Sprite. The Sprite had used the basic drive train of the Austin A30/35 in a light body to make up a fun, budget sports car; Triumph's idea was to use the mechanics from their small saloon, the Triumph Herald, to underpin the new project. Triumph had one advantage, however; where the Austin A30 range was of unitary construction, the Herald featured a separate chassis; it was Triumph's intention therefore to cut that chassis down and clothe it in a sports body, saving the costs of developing a completely new chassis/body unit.

The Italian designer Michelotti—who had already penned the Herald—was commissioned for the new project, and came up with a traditional, swooping body. Wind-up windows were provided (in contrast to the Sprite/Midget, which still featured side screens at that time), as well as a single-piece front end which tilted forwards to offer unrivalled access to the mechanics. At the dawn of the 1960s, however, Standard-Triumph were in deep financial trouble, and unable to put the new car into production; it was not until the company was taken over by the Leyland organisation that funds became available and the car was launched.

1962 Triumph Spitfire Sports Car - Racing

nate_kate - creative commons

1962 Triumph Spitfire (1300cc)

The mechanics were basically stock Herald components: The engine was a 4-cylinder of 1147 cc, mildly tuned for the Spitfire with twin SU carburettors. Also from the Herald came the rack and pinion steering and coil-and-wishbone front suspension up front, and at the rear a single transverse-leaf swing-axle arrangement. This ended up being the most controversial part of the car: it was known to "tuck in" and cause violent oversteer if pushed too hard, even in the staid Herald. In the sportier Spitfire (and later the 6-cylinder Triumph GT6 and Triumph Vitesse) it led to severe criticism. The body was bolted to a much-modified Herald chassis, the outer rails and the rear outriggers having been removed; little of the original Herald chassis design was left, and the Spitfire used structural outer sills to stiffen its body tub.

The Spitfire was an inexpensive small sports car and as such had very basic trim, including rubber mats and a large plastic steering wheel. These early cars were badged as "Spitfire 4", not to be confused with the later Spitfire Mark IV.

From 1964 an overdrive option was added to the four speed gearbox to give more relaxed cruising. Wire wheels and a hard top were also made available.

Triumph Spitfire and GT6: A Guide to Originality (Speed Pro) By John Thomason

"This book is full of the detailed information the restorer or enthusiast needs to ensure their car is correct in all respects. Every detail of specification is documented, photographed and thoroughly cross referenced throughout the book"

Diecast Model Triumph Spitfire (Open) in White From Vitesse

From Amazon.co.uk

 

Spitfire MkII

Production: - 1965-1967 - 37,409 made

Engine: - 1147 cc Straight-4

In March 1965 the Spitfire Mark II was released and was very similar to the Mark I but featured a more highly tuned engine, through a revised camshaft design, a water cooled intake manifold and tubular exhaust manifold, increasing the power to 67 bhp (50 kW) at 6000 rpm.[2] This improved the top speed to 92 mph (148 km/h). The coil-spring design clutch of the Mark I was replaced with a Borg and Beck diaphragm spring clutch. The exterior trim was modified with a new grille and badges. The interior trim was improved with redesigned seats and by covering most of the exposed surfaces with rubber cloth. The original moulded rubber floor coverings were replaced with moulded carpets.[2]

It was introduced at a base price of £550 while the Sprite was priced at £505 and the Midget at £515.[2] Top speed was claimed to be 96 mph (154 km/h) and its 0-60 mph time of 15.5 seconds was considered "lively."[2] The factory claimed that at highway speeds (70 mph (110 km/h)) this lively car achieved 38.1 miles per imperial gallon (7.41 L/100 km; 31.7 mpg-US).[2]

Spitfire Mk3

Production: - 1967-1971 - 65,320 made

Engine: - 1296 cc Straight-4

The Mk3, introduced in 1966, was the first major facelift to the Spitfire. The front bumper was raised in response to new crash regulations, and this entailed a completely different front end and bonnet. The interior was improved again with a wood-veneer instrument surround. The 1147 cc engine was replaced with a bored-out 1296 cc unit, as fitted on the new Triumph Herald 13/60 and Triumph 1300 saloons. In twin-carburettor form, the engine put out a claimed 75 bhp and made the MK3 a comparatively quick car by the standards of the day. Popular options continued to be wire wheels, a hard top and an overdrive gearbox, giving five forward gears and far more relaxed cruising at high speeds. The Mk3 was the fastest of all the 3 spitfires as far as 0-60 times, giving 12.5 seconds to 60 mph. The Mk3 actually continued production into 1971 until half way through the year when the Mk4 took over. A mint condition Mk3 can set you back £6750 according to book prices, although you can pick up a good car for £1500/3000.

Driving Impressions of the Mk3 Spitfire (1969)

Despite the fact that a Mk3 is essentially not that fast compared to today's vehicles, it has no trouble keeping up with modern traffic conditions and will happily cruise down the motorway at 70mph, or more (where conditions allow). It handles better than would be expected, although when pushed to the limit the swing spring suspension can cause unpredictable handling. Controlled drifting is quite achievable with practice (although you are not advised to do this with wire wheels). The car makes a great sound at high revs and is very smooth through the gear changes, the brakes can be somewhat scary to someone used to driving a modern vehicle, but once you are used to it, you learn to change your style using the gearbox to aid braking. Performance is surprising, changing into second gear will easily give a pleasant pip of the rear tyres without labouring the engine. All in all it's a surprising car to drive, it performs and handles much better than many cars of the period in the same price range.

Spitfire MkIV

1971 Triumph Spitfire Mark IV Sports Car

Wikimedia Commons

1971 Triumph Spitfire Mark IV

1971 saw the most comprehensive changes to the Spitfire. The new MKIV featured a completely re-designed cut-off rear end, giving a strong family resemblance to the Triumph Stag and Triumph 2000 models, both of which were also Michelotti-designed. The front end was also cleaned up, and the doors were given recessed handles. The interior was much improved: a proper full-width dashboard was provided, putting the instruments ahead of the driver rather than over the centre console. The engine continued at 1296 cc, but was modified with larger big-end bearings which somewhat decreased its "revvy" nature; there was some detuning, which resulted in the new car being a little tamer than the MK3. The gearbox gained synchromesh on its bottom gear.

By far the most significant change, however, was to the rear suspension, which was de-cambered and redesigned to eliminate the unfortunate tendencies of the original swing-axle design. The Triumph GT6 and Triumph Vitesse had already been modified, and the result on all these cars was safe and progressive handling even at the limit.

Spitfire 1500

Production: - 1974-1981 - 95,829 made

Engine: - 1493 cc Straight-4

In 1975 the 1500 engine (which was a stroked 1300) was used to make the Spitfire 1500; though in this final incarnation the engine was rather rougher and more prone to failure than the earlier units, torque was greatly increased and the new engine at last made the Spitfire capable of the magic "ton". If you want a good road car or a touring classic a 1500 is by far the best for this...on the track a revvy 1300 would be better suited.

MG enthusiasts were less than impressed when, from 1974, the Triumph engine was fitted to all MG Midgets.

The US market models were considerably less powerful than the British market cars because they had to meet more stringent US emissions requirements. American market cars also suffered from poorer handling due to the longer front springs that Triumph fitted to bring the headlights up to the height required by US law. American market Spitfire 1500s are easily identified by their big plastic overiders, and wing mounted reflectors on the front and back wings. The US specification model years of 1978 and previous still have chrome bumpers, however the 1979 and 1980 models were fitted with black rubber bumpers with built-in overriders. Detail improvements continued to be made throughout the life of the MKIV, and included reclining seats with head restraints, wood-veneer dash, hazard flashers and electric washers (previously these had been operated by a manual pump on the dashboard). Options such as the hard top, tonneau cover, map light and overdrive continued to be popular, though wire wheels ceased to be available.

The last Spitfire 1500, an Inca Yellow specimen with hardtop and overdrive, rolled off the assembly line in August 1980.

The Spitfire today

The reputation of the Spitfire, which like many types of smaller two-seat roadsters suffered during the 1980s and early 1990s, has undergone a major revival through the classic car movement. Throughout the world there are many British car clubs and Triumph car clubs whose members have many fine examples of Triumph Spitfires. Despite having sold more than the MG Midget and produced for longer than any other Triumph car (18 years), the little Triumph often suffered from the comparison to the MG, due partly at least to the inadequate rear suspension of the early models, corrected in later models. Today, values remain relatively low and it is a sought-after classic sports car for the enthusiast on a budget.

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Tips, Techniques and Step-by-step Procedures
By Martin Thaddeus from Amazon.co.uk

"If you are restoring an old vehicle and want to tackle bodywork/structural problems yourself then this is the book for you"

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Pictures of your car

Sent in by Robert - Thanks

Triumph Spitfire 1971 Sports from Robert

1971 spitty. i have it for 14 years and i love it 

More Pictures of the Triumph Spitfire

TRIUMPH SPITFIRE 1500 1976 - Rally2 Des Legendes TRIUMPH SPITFIRE 1500 1976

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Nice well kept Spitfire MK4 1973 Nice well kept Spitfire MK4 1973

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Summer Project Car - Right Side

Triumph Spitfire Sports Car Summer Project

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Text and images from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. under the GNU Free Documentation License  - Disclaimers  Please verify all information from other sources  as no liability can be accepted for the accuracy of this page.Published by Y2U.co.uk

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