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Ford Crown Victoria

1955 Ford Crown Victoria Automobile

GNU Free Documentation License, by Morven

1955 Ford Crown Victoria mildly customised.

The Ford Crown Victoria (nicknamed the Crown Vic) is a rear-wheel drive full-size car first produced by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market in the mid-1950s.

The current model has been in production since 1992. The Crown Victoria combines many of its parts with the Lincoln Town Car. Since 2008 it has been available only for fleet sales, mainly for police, taxis and rental sectors.

 

Crown Victoria Police Car

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The Grand Marquis is very rarely used by fleets other than rental companies and is very popular among the general public. The 1992-onward model has had several upgrades and is the most common vehicle used by police in North America.

The Crown Victoria is made in St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada.

Description

Comment "chevy impala isn't better than caprice neither crown vic . and charger is toooooo dear for the cops"

 

1955

The first "Crown Victoria" appeared in 1955; a 2-door 6-seater hardtop coupe, part of the Ford Fairlane range, that differed from the regular Victoria model by having a stainless steel band that 'crowned' the roofline, passing right over the car. The model was made in 1955 and 1956.

One version called Ford Crown Victoria Skyliner had the front part of the roof, in front of the steel band, in Plexiglas. This made the car difficult to sell, especially in the USA south. Few Skyliners was made as a result. Most of them ended up in Sweden, possibly because the weather was more apt for a Plexiglas roof.

1979–1980

In 1979, Ford redesigned its full size car and named the deluxe version of the LTD full-size car line on the Ford Panther platform as the Ford LTD Landau.

In 1980 the LTD Landau was renamed LTD Crown Victoria. It replaced the previous year's LTD Landau model, and used a stainless steel band over the roof at the B-pillar to evoke the 1950s model.

1983 - 1991

In 1983, when the LTD name was shifted to the mid-size Ford Granada replacement, the full-size LTD was renamed LTD Crown Victoria. Civilian models were powered by a fuel-injected V8, while police vehicles used a 5.8 L V8.

1983 saw the introduction of central fuel injection (CFI) identifiable by a fender badge reading "Electronic Fuel Injection"), which was replaced with sequential electronic fuel injection (SEFI) in 1986 (accompanied by the deletion of said fender badge).

Many changes were made during this time, but most important, it should be noted that all 302/5.0 L engines from 1985-on were equipped with a hydraulic roller valve train that allowed the use of improved camshaft profiles.

In 1990 the Crown Victoria received exterior facelifts for the 1988 model to improve aerodynamics with an all-new dash, door panels, standard power windows, and standard driver's side airbag and revised steering column.

1992–1997

In 1992, the LTD designation was stopped, the sedan body was completely redesigned to a round, six-window shape similar to the 1992 Taurus with a new 4.6 L engine.

Critics did not like 1992's Taurus-like front-end, therefore it was given a front grille for the 1993 model year. Also a reflector strip between the rear tail lights. Minor body style changes were also made to the front & rear-end in 1995 with a new styled grille and tail lights. The rear license plate was moved from the bumper to the boot lid and fitted between the tail lights.

1956 Ford Fairlane Crown Victoria Automobile

Creative Commons - by  Christer Johansson

1956 Ford Fairlane Crown Victoria

1998–2002

In 1998, the Crown Victoria's exterior styling, rear suspension, and ignition system were updated. The 1998-2002 "Crown Vics" have a revised 4-link rear suspension with a Watts linkage. The general road handling manners have improved, but towing capacity has been reduced. The Crown Victoria also uses a coil-on-plug ignition design rather than traditional spark plug wires. This design, already being used on the 1996-1999 Ford Taurus SHO 3.4L V8 engine, was later implemented on other users of the Modular V8, including the 1999-up Mustang GT, and many F/E-series trucks. The Crown Victoria also features a 114.7" wheelbase and its body now uses the more formal Mercury Grand Marquis roofline and side window styling.

Police Interceptor

Starting with the 1999 model year, the police version of the Crown Victoria, previously named Crown Victoria P71, was changed to Police Interceptor and new rear badging was assigned instead of the civilian Crown Victoria badge. Though, to date, the Crown Victoria badge is still affixed to Police Interceptors equipped with the Street Appearance package for undercover vehicles.

Change of Canadian availability

In Canada, 1999 was the last year the Crown Victoria was individually available to civilians from Ford dealerships. Since 2000, the Crown Victoria has only been available in Canada as a Police Interceptor for law enforcement, or as a taxi or Special Service Vehicle for commercial fleets. The civilian Crown Victoria is only available when ordered as a fleet directly from Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited and is not available through Ford dealerships. Civilians can, however, purchase used 2000 & up civilian Crown Victorias that are available at dealerships every so often, or used Police Interceptors or Special Service Vehicles from various auctions. The Mercury Grand Marquis and Lincoln Town Car, which also use the Ford Panther platform, however, are still available at Ford & Lincoln dealerships in Canada.

According to the article of the Mercury Grand Marquis in the French book Le guide de l'auto 2006 (The 2006 Auto-Guide), Ford is rumoured to be considering bringing back the Crown Victoria to the Canadian civilian market, replacing the Grand Marquis. Although Ford hasn't made any official statement to this effect, many consider this to make sense since the Mercury brand was officially phased out in Canada in 1999 and despite the Grand Marquis' Mercury badging, it's officially sold as a Ford in all Canadian sales literature.

Long-wheelbase commercial version

In 2002, Ford introduced a long-wheelbase version of the Crown Victoria, available only to commercial fleets (mostly used by Taxi companies). This version gives 6 extra inches of wheelbase length, made possible by a new frame and extended body. This version is not available to the general public, nor is there a stretched version of the Police Interceptor, due to its targeted use mostly in the taxi and livery market. In the Middle East, a long-wheelbase version of the Mercury Grand Marquis is available to the general public.

2003–Present

For the 2003 model year, the chassis was again redone with hydroformed steel. The front and rear suspension was also completely overhauled. New inverted monotube shocks are now used (replacing the old twin-tube shocks that had been around since the 1960s). In the front, new aluminum control arms, and rack and pinion steering (replacing the recirculating ball units) have been implemented. The rear suspension was redone for durability in police-duty applications and the rear shocks were moved outboard of the frame rails for better handling and ease of maintenance. As a result, the road-handling manners of the Panther platform cars have improved significantly. The engine output increased due to the addition of a knock sensor for more aggressive timing.

NYPD Crown Victoria Police Interceptor Automobile

Creative Commons by Quasipalm

NYPD Crown Victoria Police Interceptor, post-1998.

The Crown Victoria retained the same exterior styling, but 2005 models received a rear whip radio antenna rather than an integrated rear defroster antenna. 2005 models also received a new steering wheel. The rear whip antenna has been removed from the 2006 models in favor of the integrated rear defroster antenna.

Even with the latest 2006 Crown Victoria, the overall design remains relatively unchanged from the 1979 design. It still uses a front independent suspension with a rear live axle on a body on frame design, using a traditional rear wheel drive drivetrain. The design has been popular with police departments and cab companies to the same extent as the Chevrolet Caprice in the 1980s and early 1990s, especially in New York City where they make up the majority of the taxi and New York City Police Department fleets, as well among the general populace.

The Crown Victoria has often been characterized as an "older person's car", but this is a misconception considering nearly all vehicles in this class tend to have an older client base (because most older drivers were accustomed to driving larger cars). It is considerably more durable than modern front wheel drive cars that rely on constant velocity joints for transmission of power to the steering wheels. It also offers more interior space and slightly better fuel economy than many SUVs of similar weight.

Engines

220hp @ 4750 rpm/265lb.ft. @ 4000 rpm/9.4:1 compression 4.6L V-8 (Fleet only.)

224hp @ 4750 rpm/265lb.ft. @ 4000 rpm/9.4:1 compression 4.6L V-8 (Base civilian package.)

239hp @ 4750 rpm/276lb.ft. @ 4000 rpm/9.4:1 compression 4.6L V-8 (Perf. & Handling Pkg.-equipped only; includes Sport)

250hp @ 4900 rpm/287lb.ft. @ 4100 rpm/9.6:1 compression 4.6L V-8 (Police Interceptor package only)

Fuel tank safety concerns

While the car has been highly rated for safety, there was some controversy and lawsuits in the 1990s over Ford Crown Victoria, Mercury Grand Marquis, and Lincoln Town Car gas tank leaks after certain types of high energy impacts, specifically when being hit at a certain angle offset in the rear at speeds greater than 85 mph (137 km/h). These impacts did cause fuel tank failures in the Crown Victoria. However, the impacts also caused similar failures (and at higher rates) in other popular law enforcement models such as the Chevrolet Impala. For comparison, the survival rate for these type of collisions was higher for the Crown Victoria than any other current mid-sized sedan, which perform worse due to their much lighter construction, lower weight, and shorter distance for a crumple zone.

Ford Crown Victoria 83-87

Source.

Ford Crown Victoria 1983-1987

The reports that the cars were more prone to fires during a rear collision was a simple combination of three things. First, most law enforcement agencies rely heavily on the Vic as their primary vehicle, meaning that any police-related auto accident is very likely to involve a Crown Victoria. Second, the accidents occurred as the result of the officers intentionally parking their vehicles close to active traffic to "shield" a stopped motorist - something most civilians would never do. Third, the impacting vehicle was often travelling at, or above, the posted legal limit (70-75 mph in most jurisdictions).

The condition was exacerbated by police equipment installers drilling over the package tray in the luggage compartment. Due to the gas tank's orientation, drilling through the package tray may result in drilling into the gas tank. Installers also used screws set directly into the bulkhead and facing the fuel tank. In the event of a high-energy collision, these screws could be forced into the tank, both rupturing the tank and possibly acting as a spark source. Long bolts for mounting heavier equipment were also directly suspect.

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Further, many investigations, both performed by federal/state agencies, and the police department themselves, have found that removable items in the trunk were improperly stowed. These items became tank-piercing projectiles during the rear-collision scenarios. Ford's solution came in the form of a recall kit including patterns to mark unsafe areas (to drill) in the luggage compartment. Also included were rubberized Kevlar and hard ballistic nylon shields for the differential cover lower shock bolts. They also included a kevlar-based trunk liner. Ford used similar kits on early-1980s model passenger vehicles. For 2005 and newer models, Ford offers the first-ever on-board fire-suppression system for the Crown Victoria Police Interceptor units, which effectively choke any fire on-board when detected.

The problem, for all intents and purposes, ceases to exist when the vehicles are struck at ordinary speeds and in conditions most motorists face. In fact, police fatalities were no higher in the Crown Victoria than the Chevrolet Caprice.

Despite numerous court cases charging Ford with partial liability for fires caused in accidents, the company has been exonerated and the "average Joe" safe nature of the Crown Victora reconfirmed. An attempted class-action suit in Belvidere, Illinois in 2004 failed as well.

Long-wheelbase Ford Crown Victoria Taxi

GNU Free Documentation License by Nrbelex

A traditional New York City taxi, the long-wheelbase Crown Victoria.

Body on frame

The Ford Crown Victoria, Mercury Grand Marquis, and the Lincoln Town Car are the only mass-produced passenger cars with body-on-frame construction in the United States. This construction style is opposed to the now more commonly used unibody construction style where the body panels are load-bearing members. In 2002, Mercury introduced a performance version of the Grand Marquis called the Marauder as a 2003 model but sales were slow. The Marauder was not a market success and the model was retired after just two years of production, making 2004 its last model year.

Future

Ford was rumoured to be considering replacing the aging Panther platform with the front or all-wheel drive platform based on the D3 architecture, something Ford has denied.

Another rumour going around at Ford is that the Crown Victoria will eventually be replaced by one of two vehicles:

Ford Australia would modify the Ford Falcon to left-hand drive and US safety standards and export it to the US, which would see a revival in the Falcon name in the US market. Despite consumer demand, Ford has no plans to do this.

The Panther platform would be retired altogether, replaced by a completely new vehicle based on the Ford D2C platform used for the Ford Mustang. To go with Ford's naming scheme of naming cars that start with the letter "F", the Crown Victoria name would be replaced by "Falcon" or "Fairlane". In addition, to go outside that naming scope, reviving the

On April 19, 2006, Ford Motor Company announced that the Crown Victoria Police Interceptor will remain in production "well into the future". After 2008, the Crown Victoria will not be sold to consumers, only fleets, in the United States.

Galaxie nameplate has also been mentioned.

As part of Ford's The Way Forward restructuring plan, it is possible for Ford to discontinue the Crown Victoria in 2009 and grow the Ford Five Hundred for 2010. Most fullsize sedans are beginning to shrink in size, and some flagship sedans (e.g. Toyota Avalon, Dodge Charger) are shorter and smaller than the Ford Five Hundred.

Despite this, Ford has announced that the Crown Victoria's better selling twin, the Mercury Grand Marquis will stay in production until at least 2009, with the "Grand" dropped off the nameplate, so it will fit Mercury's new naming scheme of making all their cars start with the letter M. It is unclear if the front bench seating (6-passenger) feature will be retained by a redesign of the car or a renamed replacement.

 
Ford Crown Victoria
Manufacturer: Ford Motor Company
Production: 1955–1956
1992–Present
Class: Full-size
Body style: 4-door sedan
Platform: FR Panther
Engine: 4.6L SOHC V8 (Modular)
Transmission: 4 speed 4R75W automatic

 

Wiki Source

 

2008 Long wheel base Crown Victoria P70 as seen in a Kuwait car showroom

Source.

2008 Long wheel base Crown Victoria P70

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chevy impala isn't better than caprice neither crown vic  . and charger is toooooo dear for the cops

Is Ford giving up on the Police Car Market?  Are they seeing a marked decline in sales due to the Dodge  R/T and the Chevy Impala?

 

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Text and images from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. under the GNU Free Documentation License  - Disclaimers  Please verify all information from other sources  as no liability can be accepted for the accuracy of this page.Published by Y2U.co.uk

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