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Ford Anglia

Ford Anglia classic car in Uganda

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Ford Anglia in Uganda

The Ford Anglia is a British car from Ford in the United Kingdom. It is related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular. The Ford Anglia name was applied to four models of car between 1939 and 1967.

Ford Anglia in a Time Trial

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1,594,486 Anglias were produced, before it was replaced by the new Ford Escort.

Anglia E04A (1939–1948)

1946 Ford Anglia E04A

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1946 Ford Anglia E04A

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The patriotically named first Ford Anglia, launched soon after Britain declared war on Germany in early September 1939,[3] and given the internal Ford model code of E04A, was a facelifted version of the Ford 7Y, a simple vehicle aimed at the cheap end of the market, with few features. Most were painted Ford black. Styling was typically late-1930s, with an upright radiator. There were standard and deluxe models, the latter having better instrumentation and, on prewar models, running boards. Both front and rear suspensions used transverse leaf springs, and the brakes were mechanical.

A bulge at the back enabled a spare wheel to be removed from its vertical outside stowage on the back of the car and stowed flat on the boot floor, which usefully increased luggage space. Some back seat leg room was sacrificed to the luggage space, being reduced from 43¾ inches in the Ford 7Y to 38½ inches in the Anglia.[3]

The domestic market engine was the 933 cc straight-4 side-valve engine familiar to drivers of predecessor models since 1933.[3] The 1172 cc straight-4 engine from the Ford Ten was fitted for some export markets, including North America, where imports began for model year 1948; these cars used the slightly more aerodynamic "three-hole" grille from the 1937-8 Ford Ten 7W, prefacing the 1949 E494A facelift. They also had sealed beam headlights and small, separate parking lights mounted underneath, as well as dual tail lights, into which flashing turn signals could be added without adding additional lights.

Motoring Tips – 10 Ways To Reduce The Cost Of Driving
some useful information

The car retained a vacuum-powered wiper with its tendency to slow down or stop above about 40 mph (64 km/h), the point at which the suction effect from the induction manifold disappeared; however, the Anglia's wipers were supported by a vacuum reservoir, which partially addressed the propensity to stop entirely when the car was accelerated.[3]

A contemporary road test commended the Anglia's ability to pull away from 5 or 6 mph (8 or 10 km/h) in top gear.[3] Compulsory driving tests had only recently been introduced in the UK. Most potential buyers would approach the vehicle without the benefit of formal driving tuition. The cars did have synchromesh between second and top gears, but not between first and second,[3] so many would have sought, wherever possible, to avoid en route changes down to first.

The 2-door Anglia is similar to the 4-door E93A Ford Prefect.

Production, hindered by the closure of Ford's factory during the Second World War, ceased in 1948 after a total of 55,807 had been built. Initial sales in England actually began in early 1940. Production was suspended in early 1942, and resumed in mid 1945. In Australia, the E04A was built from 1940–1945, and again from 1946-1948.

Anglia E494A (1949–1953)

Ford Anglia E494A 1949

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1949 Ford Anglia E494A, National Motor Museum in Beaulieu.

The 1949 model, code E494A, was a makeover of the previous model with a rather more 1940s style front-end, including the sloped, twin-lobed radiator grille. Again it was a very spartan vehicle and in 1948 was Britain's lowest priced four wheel car[6].

An Anglia tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1948 had a top speed of 57 mph (92 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-50 mph (80 km/h) in 38.3 seconds. A fuel consumption of 36.2 miles per imperial gallon (7.80 L/100 km; 30.1 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £309 including taxes.[6]

Including all production, 108,878 were built. When production as an Anglia ceased in 1953, it continued as the extremely basic Ford Popular until 1959.

1953 Ford Anglia 100E Car

public domain by Arpingstone.

1953 Ford Anglia E494A

Anglia 100E (1953–1959)

In 1953, Ford released the 100E, designed by Lacuesta Automotive. It was a completely new car with a more modern "three-box" style. The 100E was available as a 2-door Anglia and a 4-door Prefect. During this period the old Anglia was available as the 103E Popular, touted as the cheapest car in the world.

Internally there were individual front seats trimmed in PVC, hinged to allow access to the rear. The instruments (speedometer, fuel gauge and ampmeter) were placed in a cluster around the steering column and the gear change was floor mounted. A heater and radio were optional extras.

1960 Ford Anglia 100E Car

public domain by Arpingstone.

1960 Ford Anglia 100E

Under the bonnet the 100E still housed an antiquated, but actually new, 36 bhp (27 kW; 36 PS) side-valve engine sharing the bore and stroke of the old unit but now with larger bearings and inlet valves and pump-assisted cooling. The three speed gearbox was retained. Some models were fitted with a semi automatic "Manumatic" gearbox. A second wind-screen wiper was now included at no extra cost,[3] although the wipers' vacuum-powered operation was also retained: by now this was seen as seriously old-fashioned and the wipers were notorious for slowing down when driving up steep hills, or coming to a complete rest when trying to overtake. The separate chassis construction of the previous models was replaced by unit construction and the front suspension used Macpherson struts, with anti-roll bar and semi-elliptic leaf springs at the rear. The car's 87-inch (2,200 mm) wheelbase was the shortest of any Anglia, but the front and rear track were increased to 48 inches (1,200 mm), and cornering on dry roads involved a degree of understeer:[3] the steering took just two turns between locks making the car responsive and easy to place on the road, although on wet roads it was too easy to make the tail slide out.[3] A rare option for 1957 and 1958 was Newtondrive clutchless gearchange. The electrical system became 12 volt.

The 100E sold well; by the time production ceased in 1959, 345,841 had rolled off the production line. There were from 1955 two estate car versions, similar to the 300E vans but fitted with side windows, folding rear seats and a horizontally split tailgate. This necessitated relocating the fuel tank. These were the basic Escort and better appointed Squire, which sported wood trim down the sides. This feature has become a common feature of some Ford estates/station wagons ever since. The basic van variant was badged as a Thames product, as were all Ford commercials following the dropping of the Fordson badge..

An Anglia saloon tested by the British Motor magazine in 1954 had a top speed of 70.2 mph (113.0 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 29.4 seconds. A fuel consumption of 30.3 miles per imperial gallon (9.32 L/100 km; 25.2 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £511 including taxes.[8]

Anglia 105E (1959–1968)

1966 Ford Anglia Super 123E Car

public domain by Arpingstone.

1966 Ford Anglia Super 123E

The final Anglia model, the 105E, was introduced in 1959. Its American-influenced styling included a sweeping nose line, and on deluxe versions, a full-width slanted chrome grille in between prominent 'eye' headlamps. (Basic Anglias featured a narrower, painted grille.[10]) Its smoothly sloped line there looked more like a 1950s Studebaker (or even early Ford Thunderbird) than the more aggressive-looking late-'50s American Fords, possibly because its British designers used wind-tunnel testing and streamlining. Like late-'50s Lincolns and Mercurys and the Citroën Ami of France, the car sported a backward-slanted rear window (so that it would remain clear in rain, according to contemporary marketing claims). In fact, this look was imported from the 1958 Lincoln Continental, where it had been the accidental result of a design specification for an electrically opening (breezway) rear window. As well as being used, by Ford, on the Consul Classic, this look was also copied by Bond, Reliant and Invacar, for their three wheelers. The resulting flat roofline gave it excellent rear headroom. It had muted tailfins, much toned-down from its American counterparts. An estate car joined the saloon in the line-up in September 1961.

The new styling was matched by a new engine, something that the smaller Fords had been needing for some time—a 997 cc overhead-valve straight-4 with an oversquare cylinder bore, that became known by its "Kent" code name. Acceleration from rest was still sluggish (by the standards of today), but it was much improved from earlier cars. Also new for British Fords was a four-speed (manual) gearbox with synchromesh on the top three forward ratios: this was replaced by an all-synchromesh box in September 1962 (on 1198 powered cars) [10]. The notoriously feeble vacuum powered windscreen wiper set-up of earlier Anglias were replaced with (by now) more conventional windscreen wipers powered by their own electric motor[10]. The Macpherson strut independent front suspension used on the 100E was retained.

In October 1962, twenty four year old twin brothers Tony and Michael Brookes and a group of friends took a private Anglia 105e fitted with the Ford £13 Performance Kit to Montlhery Autodrome near Paris and captured 6 International Class G World Records averaging 83.47 mph (134.33 km/h). These were 4,5,6 and 7 days and nights and 15,000, and 20,000 kilometres. (See also Ford Corsair GT) The Anglia's strength and durability meant that no repairs were required whatsoever other than tyre changes.

Ford Anglia Estate Car - Rear View

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Ford Anglia Estate Car 105E

The car's commercial success has subsequently been overshadowed by the even greater sales achieved by the Cortina: in 1960, when 191,752 Anglias left Ford's Halewood plant in the 105E's first full production year, it set a new production-volume record for the Ford Motor Company[10]. The Anglia Super introduced in September 1962 for the 1963 model year shared the longer stroke 1198 cc version of the Ford Kent 997 cc engine of the newly introduced Ford Cortina[10]. The Anglia Super was distinguished by its painted contrasting-coloured side stripe[10].

A new Anglia saloon tested by the British Motor magazine in 1959 had a top speed of 73.8 mph (118.8 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 26.9 seconds. A fuel consumption of 41.2 miles per imperial gallon (6.86 L/100 km; 34.3 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £610 including taxes of £180.[9]

The old 100E Anglia became the new 100E Popular and the four-door Prefect bodyshell remained available as the new Ford Prefect (107E) which had all 105E running gear, including engine and brakes, while the 100E Escort and Squire remained available, unchanged. In 1961 the Escort and Squire were replaced by the 105E Anglia estate. Both cars are popular with hot rodders to this day, helped by the interchangeability of parts and the car's tuning potential. The 100E delivery van also gave way to a new vehicle based on the 105E. Identical to the Anglia 105E back to the B post, the rest of the vehicle was entirely new.

Super Anglia 123E (1962–1967)

Ford Anglia Racing Car

Source

Ford Anglia 123E Racing Car

From 1962, the 123E Anglia Super was available alongside the 105E, replacing the last of the line of Prefects, with a larger 1198 cc engine and other refinements.

The same car was also sold in Europe. One Europe-only variant was the Anglia Sportsman that carried its spare tyre on the back, somewhat similar to the continental kit often seen in the United States. Chrome bumper overriders, broad whitewall tyres, and optionally a side stripe kicking up at the end into the tail-lights/fin were also fitted.

Towards the end of the run Ford experimented with two colours of metallic paint on the Anglia, "Blue Mink" and "Venetian Gold". 250 were made in the Blue and 500 were made in the Gold, so they are both quite rare.

Anglia saloons were provided with various levels of trim. The base model was the Standard, and this sported no chrome work, painted rear light surrounds, steel slatted grille and limited interior trim. The deluxe had a chrome side strip, chrome rear lights, glove box lid, sun visor and full width chrome radiator grille. The top of the range was the Super, which had twin chrome side strips, contrasting coloured roof and side flash, plusher interior trim, together with the 1198 cc engine and a gearbox with synchromesh on first gear.

Optional extras were the mechanical upgrade of a Deluxe to a Super, retaining the Deluxe trim, or the upgrade of a Deluxe to a Super trim, but retaining the 997 cc engine, an option rarely taken up.

References and Notes

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Gavin's Restored 1957 Ford Anglia 100E >>>

Gavins Restored Ford Anglia 100E - 1957

Picture of Rays 1958 Ford Anglia 100 E - Thanks

1958 Ford Anglia 100 E
This is my 1958 Ford 100E Anglia, It was a bit of a shed when purchased but after some tidying up, a re-spray and a few bits added it is now very presentable (I think), There is still a little work to do on the interior but it runs and drives very well, I use it regularly. It was originally supplied by Furrows Ltd of Shrewsbury and still bears their plate on the drivers door sill. - Like all original spec 100E's it is still powered by an 1172cc side valve engine driving through a 3 speed gearbox to the rear wheels. - Ray

 

Comment, Questions & Answers

Do you have a pic of an Ford Anglia convertible ?

My dad owned this Anglia about 40 years ago and I wish to buy 1 in coming year.
Engine swaps into the Anglia 105e shell are many, easiest though are the pre-cross-flow engine from a Cortina or similar, readily available in sizes up to 1500cc. These engines just bolt straight in, although you have to check the size of the spigot bearing (where the gearbox locates into the crankshaft) as there came in two different sizes, but can be changed.

for any info on the 100e range check out this site
http://ford100e.forumakers.com/portal.htm

The theory about the 107E, that I heard, is that the Morris 1000 was taking the market from the Anglia 100E, because of it's overhead valve motor & 4 speed gearbox. Ford had the "new" Anglia in the pipeline, but in the meantime Morris were taking the market, so as a quick solution to the problem, was to fit the 997cc motor & 4 speed box into the 100E shell, until the new body was ready, & new new Anglia could be launched. This may be incorrect. Who knows! - Gavin J. - Natal. - SOUTH AFRICA

In reply to the question about a 308E, Ford numbered all their models one higher when built as left hand drive vehicles, so a 105e LHD was a 106E, therefore the vans which were 307e (5 cwt) and 309E (7 cwt) became 308E and 310E when built as left hand drive vehicles...
WPU 264, The black anglia is mine, Picture taken at Kemble airfield.
Q: hey i have a 1966 Ford Anglia. but i don't know if it's a 105e or 123 super how can i know?
gimme 1
2 all you ford freaks I LUVE YOU

A 308E is a van. All Ford XXXe designations have one added on to signify left hand drive, hence a 308e is a LHD 307e, and a 106e is a LHD 105e.

A 307e is a 5 cwt Anglia/Thames van, and a 309e is a 7 cwt van.

The 107e is a Prefect, but used 105e running gear in a 4 door 100e shell. There are a couple of theories as to why Ford did this, one was to use the 100e shells, and the other was that Ford needed to retain a 4 door small bodied car in the Ford Range.

Q. Is there any ford classics (the big brother to the Anglia with twin head lights)?

Ford Classic Car in Sky Blue

Could it be this Ford Classic ?

When I was a young boy, my father bought Anglia Ford Model 1949 and that car remained with us till 1960. It had been an excellent car and we have a lot of happy memories related to that car.

Q. I have a 1962 Ford Anglia 308E. I cannot seem to find a 308E. The identification label says 308E. It has the steering wheel on the left. Where can i find more information on the 1962. My car runs and the body is in very good shape. Hope someone out there has some information

Q. You have not mentioned the 107E. Would be good to see some info on this car. Thanks Richard G

 

A. Looking into it. I think a 107E is a Ford Prefect rather than a Ford Anglia. Please correct me if wrong

Q. Hey my name is Juan, I live in South-Africa and I got an Anglia from my aunt and I want to fix it up, because the guy that owned it before her damaged it and i want it back to it's original form, but I need some engine seals, because it leeks oil, I also want to know what engines I can put in it cos I have it's original 1000cc engine and I have to drive to university next year and it's to slow to drive on our national road the n1, Please can you guys help me, I have a ford Anglia 105E,,,,,,,my email address is voet_juan @ msn.com

White and red car described as 105E is actually a 123E Anglia Super. This type of two tone colour scheme was never used on the 105E.

First picture captioned '100E' isn't.  probably 'E93A' Anglia

A nice piece of reading, thank you - 105e in NZ

Ford Anglia in Alexandria Egypt

 

Selling your Car on Ebay

 

More Pictures of Ford Anglia's

Ford Anglia police car

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Ford Anglia police car used on the set of "Heartbeat" TV series

 

Text and images from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. under the GNU Free Documentation License  - Disclaimers  Please verify all information from other sources  as no liability can be accepted for the accuracy of this page.Published by Y2U.co.uk

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