The Ford Anglia is a British car from Ford in the United
Kingdom. It is related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular.
The Ford Anglia name was applied to four models of car between 1939 and
1,594,486 Anglias were produced, before it was replaced by the
new Ford Escort.
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The patriotically named first Ford Anglia, launched soon after Britain
declared war on Germany in early September 1939,
and given the internal Ford model code of E04A, was a facelifted version of the
Ford 7Y, a simple vehicle aimed at the cheap end of the market, with few
features. Most were painted Ford black. Styling was typically late-1930s, with
an upright radiator. There were standard and deluxe models, the latter having
better instrumentation and, on prewar models, running boards. Both front and
rear suspensions used transverse leaf springs, and the brakes were mechanical.
A bulge at the back enabled a spare wheel to be removed from its vertical
outside stowage on the back of the car and stowed flat on the boot floor, which
usefully increased luggage space. Some back seat leg room was sacrificed to the
luggage space, being reduced from 43¾ inches in the Ford 7Y to 38½ inches in the
The domestic market engine was the 933 cc straight-4 side-valve engine
familiar to drivers of predecessor models since 1933.
The 1172 cc straight-4 engine from the Ford Ten was fitted for some export
markets, including North America, where imports began for model year 1948; these
cars used the slightly more aerodynamic "three-hole" grille from the 1937-8 Ford
Ten 7W, prefacing the 1949 E494A facelift. They also had sealed beam headlights
and small, separate parking lights mounted underneath, as well as dual tail
lights, into which flashing turn signals could be added without adding
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The car retained a vacuum-powered wiper with its tendency to slow down or
stop above about 40 mph (64 km/h), the point at which the suction effect from
the induction manifold disappeared; however, the Anglia's wipers were supported
by a vacuum reservoir, which partially addressed the propensity to stop entirely
when the car was accelerated.
A contemporary road test commended the Anglia's ability to pull away from 5
or 6 mph (8 or 10 km/h) in top gear.
Compulsory driving tests had only recently been introduced in the UK. Most
potential buyers would approach the vehicle without the benefit of formal
driving tuition. The cars did have synchromesh between second and top gears, but
not between first and second,
so many would have sought, wherever possible, to avoid en route changes down to
The 2-door Anglia is similar to the 4-door E93A Ford Prefect.
Production, hindered by the closure of Ford's factory during the Second World
War, ceased in 1948 after a total of 55,807 had been built. Initial sales in
England actually began in early 1940. Production was suspended in early 1942,
and resumed in mid 1945. In Australia, the E04A was built from 1940–1945, and
again from 1946-1948.
1949 Ford Anglia E494A, National Motor Museum in Beaulieu.
The 1949 model, code E494A, was a makeover of the previous model
with a rather more 1940s style front-end, including the sloped,
twin-lobed radiator grille. Again it was a very spartan vehicle and
in 1948 was Britain's lowest priced four wheel car.
An Anglia tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1948 had a top
speed of 57 mph (92 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-50 mph (80 km/h) in 38.3
seconds. A fuel consumption of 36.2 miles per imperial gallon (7.80 L/100 km;
30.1 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £309
Including all production, 108,878 were built. When production as an Anglia
ceased in 1953, it continued as the extremely basic Ford Popular until 1959.
In 1953, Ford released the 100E, designed by Lacuesta Automotive.
It was a completely new car with a more modern "three-box" style.
The 100E was available as a 2-door Anglia and a 4-door Prefect.
During this period the old Anglia was available as the 103E Popular,
touted as the cheapest car in the world.
Internally there were individual front seats trimmed in PVC, hinged to allow
access to the rear. The instruments (speedometer, fuel gauge and ampmeter) were
placed in a cluster around the steering column and the gear change was floor
mounted. A heater and radio were optional extras.
Under the bonnet the 100E still housed an antiquated, but actually new, 36 bhp
(27 kW; 36 PS) side-valve engine sharing the bore and stroke of the old unit but
now with larger bearings and inlet valves and pump-assisted cooling. The three
speed gearbox was retained. Some models were fitted with a semi automatic "Manumatic"
gearbox. A second wind-screen wiper was now included at no extra cost,
although the wipers' vacuum-powered operation was also retained: by now this was
seen as seriously old-fashioned and the wipers were notorious for slowing down
when driving up steep hills, or coming to a complete rest when trying to
overtake. The separate chassis construction of the previous models was replaced
by unit construction and the front suspension used Macpherson struts, with
anti-roll bar and semi-elliptic leaf springs at the rear. The car's 87-inch
(2,200 mm) wheelbase was the shortest of any Anglia, but the front and rear
track were increased to 48 inches (1,200 mm), and cornering on dry roads
involved a degree of understeer:
the steering took just two turns between locks making the car responsive and
easy to place on the road, although on wet roads it was too easy to make the
tail slide out. A
rare option for 1957 and 1958 was Newtondrive clutchless gearchange. The
electrical system became 12 volt.
The 100E sold well; by the time production ceased in 1959, 345,841 had rolled
off the production line. There were from 1955 two estate car versions, similar
to the 300E vans but fitted with side windows, folding rear seats and a
horizontally split tailgate. This necessitated relocating the fuel tank. These
were the basic Escort and better appointed Squire, which sported wood trim down
the sides. This feature has become a common feature of some Ford estates/station
wagons ever since. The basic van variant was badged as a Thames product, as were
all Ford commercials following the dropping of the Fordson badge..
An Anglia saloon tested by the British Motor magazine in 1954 had a top speed
of 70.2 mph (113.0 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 29.4
seconds. A fuel consumption of 30.3 miles per imperial gallon (9.32 L/100 km;
25.2 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £511
The final Anglia model, the 105E, was introduced in 1959. Its
American-influenced styling included a sweeping nose line, and on
deluxe versions, a full-width slanted chrome grille in between
prominent 'eye' headlamps. (Basic Anglias featured a narrower,
Its smoothly sloped line there looked more like a 1950s Studebaker
(or even early Ford Thunderbird) than the more aggressive-looking
late-'50s American Fords, possibly because its British designers
used wind-tunnel testing and streamlining. Like late-'50s Lincolns
and Mercurys and the Citroën Ami of France, the car sported a
backward-slanted rear window (so that it would remain clear in rain,
according to contemporary marketing claims). In fact, this look was
imported from the 1958 Lincoln Continental, where it had been the
accidental result of a design specification for an electrically
opening (breezway) rear window. As well as being used, by Ford, on
the Consul Classic, this look was also copied by Bond, Reliant and
Invacar, for their three wheelers. The resulting flat roofline gave
it excellent rear headroom. It had muted tailfins, much toned-down
from its American counterparts. An estate car joined the saloon in
the line-up in September 1961.
The new styling was matched by a new engine, something that the smaller Fords
had been needing for some time—a 997 cc overhead-valve straight-4 with an
oversquare cylinder bore, that became known by its "Kent" code name.
Acceleration from rest was still sluggish (by the standards of today), but it
was much improved from earlier cars. Also new for British Fords was a four-speed
(manual) gearbox with synchromesh on the top three forward ratios: this was
replaced by an all-synchromesh box in September 1962 (on 1198 powered cars)
. The notoriously
feeble vacuum powered windscreen wiper set-up of earlier Anglias were replaced
with (by now) more conventional windscreen wipers powered by their own electric
Macpherson strut independent front suspension used on the 100E was retained.
In October 1962, twenty four year old twin brothers Tony and Michael Brookes
and a group of friends took a private Anglia 105e fitted with the Ford £13
Performance Kit to Montlhery Autodrome near Paris and captured 6 International
Class G World Records averaging 83.47 mph (134.33 km/h). These were 4,5,6 and 7
days and nights and 15,000, and 20,000 kilometres. (See also Ford Corsair GT)
The Anglia's strength and durability meant that no repairs were required
whatsoever other than tyre changes.
Ford Anglia Estate Car 105E
The car's commercial success has subsequently been overshadowed by the even
greater sales achieved by the Cortina: in 1960, when 191,752 Anglias left Ford's
Halewood plant in the
105E's first full production year, it set a new production-volume record for the
Ford Motor Company.
The Anglia Super introduced in September 1962 for the 1963 model year shared the
longer stroke 1198 cc version of the Ford Kent 997 cc engine of the newly
introduced Ford Cortina.
The Anglia Super was distinguished by its painted contrasting-coloured side
A new Anglia saloon tested by the British Motor magazine in 1959 had a
top speed of 73.8 mph (118.8 km/h) and could accelerate from 0-60 mph (97 km/h)
in 26.9 seconds. A fuel consumption of 41.2 miles per imperial gallon
(6.86 L/100 km; 34.3 mpg-US) was recorded. The test
car cost £610 including taxes of £180.
The old 100E Anglia became the new 100E Popular and the four-door Prefect
bodyshell remained available as the new Ford Prefect (107E) which had all 105E
running gear, including engine and brakes, while the 100E Escort and Squire
remained available, unchanged. In 1961 the Escort and Squire were replaced by
the 105E Anglia estate. Both cars are popular with hot rodders to this day,
helped by the interchangeability of parts and the car's tuning potential. The
100E delivery van also gave way to a new vehicle based on the 105E. Identical to
the Anglia 105E back to the B post, the rest of the vehicle was entirely new.
Super Anglia 123E (1962–1967)
Ford Anglia 123E Racing Car
From 1962, the 123E Anglia Super was available alongside the 105E, replacing
the last of the line of Prefects, with a larger 1198 cc engine and other
The same car was also sold in Europe. One Europe-only variant was the
Anglia Sportsman that carried its spare tyre on the back, somewhat similar
to the continental kit often seen in the United States. Chrome bumper overriders,
broad whitewall tyres, and optionally a side stripe kicking up at the end into
the tail-lights/fin were also fitted.
Towards the end of the run Ford experimented with two colours of metallic
paint on the Anglia, "Blue Mink" and "Venetian Gold". 250 were made in the Blue
and 500 were made in the Gold, so they are both quite rare.
Anglia saloons were provided with various levels of trim. The base model was
the Standard, and this sported no chrome work, painted rear light surrounds,
steel slatted grille and limited interior trim. The deluxe had a chrome side
strip, chrome rear lights, glove box lid, sun visor and full width chrome
radiator grille. The top of the range was the Super, which had twin chrome side
strips, contrasting coloured roof and side flash, plusher interior trim,
together with the 1198 cc engine and a gearbox with synchromesh on first gear.
Optional extras were the mechanical upgrade of a Deluxe to a Super, retaining
the Deluxe trim, or the upgrade of a Deluxe to a Super trim, but retaining the
997 cc engine, an option rarely taken up.
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Picture of Rays 1958 Ford Anglia 100 E - Thanks
This is my 1958 Ford 100E Anglia, It
was a bit of a shed when purchased but after some
tidying up, a re-spray and a few bits added it is now
very presentable (I think), There is still a little work
to do on the interior but it runs and drives very well,
I use it regularly. It was originally supplied by
Furrows Ltd of Shrewsbury and still bears their plate on
the drivers door sill. - Like all original spec 100E's
it is still powered by an 1172cc side valve engine
driving through a 3 speed gearbox to the rear wheels. -
Comment, Questions & Answers
Do you have a pic of an Ford Anglia convertible
My dad owned this Anglia about 40 years ago
and I wish to buy 1 in coming year.
Engine swaps into the Anglia 105e shell are
many, easiest though are the pre-cross-flow engine from a
Cortina or similar, readily available in sizes up to 1500cc.
These engines just bolt straight in, although you have to
check the size of the spigot bearing (where the gearbox
locates into the crankshaft) as there came in two different
sizes, but can be changed.
for any info on the 100e
range check out this site
The theory about the 107E, that I heard, is
that the Morris 1000 was taking the market from the Anglia
100E, because of it's overhead valve motor & 4 speed
gearbox. Ford had the "new" Anglia in the pipeline, but in
the meantime Morris were taking the market, so as a quick
solution to the problem, was to fit the 997cc motor & 4
speed box into the 100E shell, until the new body was ready,
& new new Anglia could be launched. This may be incorrect.
Who knows! - Gavin J. - Natal. - SOUTH AFRICA
In reply to the question about a 308E, Ford
numbered all their models one higher when built as left hand
drive vehicles, so a 105e LHD was a 106E, therefore the vans
which were 307e (5 cwt) and 309E (7 cwt) became 308E and
310E when built as left hand drive vehicles...
WPU 264, The black anglia is mine, Picture
taken at Kemble airfield.
Q: hey i have a 1966 Ford Anglia. but i don't
know if it's a 105e or 123 super how can i know?
2 all you ford freaks I LUVE YOU
A 308E is a
van. All Ford XXXe designations have one added on to
signify left hand drive, hence a 308e is a LHD 307e, and
a 106e is a LHD 105e.
A 307e is a 5 cwt Anglia/Thames van, and a 309e is a 7
The 107e is a Prefect, but used 105e running gear in a 4
door 100e shell. There are a couple of theories as to
why Ford did this, one was to use the 100e shells, and
the other was that Ford needed to retain a 4 door small
bodied car in the Ford Range.
Q. Is there any ford classics (the big
brother to the Anglia with twin head lights)?
Could it be this
Ford Classic ?
When I was a young boy, my father bought Anglia Ford Model
1949 and that car remained with us till 1960. It had been an
excellent car and we have a lot of happy memories related to
Q. I have a 1962 Ford Anglia 308E.
I cannot seem to find a 308E. The identification
label says 308E. It has the steering wheel on the
left. Where can i find more information on the 1962.
My car runs and the body is in very good shape. Hope
someone out there has some information
Q. You have not mentioned the 107E. Would be
good to see some info on this car. Thanks
A. Looking into it. I think a 107E is a Ford
Prefect rather than a Ford Anglia. Please
correct me if wrong
Q. Hey my name
is Juan, I live in South-Africa and I got an Anglia from
my aunt and I want to fix it up, because the guy that
owned it before her damaged it and i want it back to
it's original form, but I need some engine seals,
because it leeks oil, I also want to know what engines I
can put in it cos I have it's original 1000cc engine and
I have to drive to university next year and it's to slow
to drive on our national road the n1, Please can you
guys help me, I have a ford Anglia 105E,,,,,,,my email
address is voet_juan @ msn.com
White and red car described as 105E is actually a
123E Anglia Super. This type of two tone colour scheme was never
used on the 105E.
First picture captioned '100E' isn't. probably
A nice piece of reading, thank you - 105e in NZ
Ford Anglia in Alexandria Egypt
Selling your Car on Ebay
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