The Chevrolet Camaro is an
automobile made by General
Motors under the Chevrolet make,
categorized as a pony car and
with some versions, a muscle
Comment "My family's had a history with them. My dad owned a 1967 RS/SS Camaro, then moved onto a 1982 which he made into an IROC clone (obviously inaccurate, but he wanted it), then picked up a.........."
It went on sale on September 29, 1966, for the 1967 model
year and was designed as a competing model to the Ford Mustang.
The car shared its platform and major components with the
Pontiac Firebird, also introduced for 1967. Four distinct
generations of the car were developed before production ended in
2002. The nameplate was revived again on a concept vehicle that
evolved into the fifth-generation Camaro, production started on
March 16, 2009.
Before any official announcement, reports began running in
April 1965 within the automotive press that Chevrolet was
preparing a competitor to the Ford Mustang, code-named Panther.
On June 21, 1966, around 200 automotive journalists received a
telegram from General Motors stating, "...Please save noon of
June 28 for important SEPAW meeting. Hope you can be on hand to
help scratch a cat. Details will follow...(signed) John L.
Cutter – Chevrolet Public Relations – SEPAW Secretary." The
following day, the same journalists received another General
Motors telegram stating, "Society for the Eradication of
Panthers from the Automotive World will hold first and last
meeting on June 28...(signed) John L. Cutter – Chevrolet Public
Relations SEPAW Secretary." These telegrams puzzled the
On June 28, 1966, General Motors held a live press
conference in Detroit’s Statler-Hilton Hotel. It would
be the first time in history that 14 cities were hooked
up in real time for a press conference via telephone
lines. Chevrolet General Manager Pete Estes started the
news conference stating that all attendees of the
conference were charter members of the Society for
the Elimination of Panthers from the Automotive World
and that this would be the first and last meeting of SEPAW.
Estes then announced a new car line, project
designation XP-836, with a name that Chevrolet chose in
keeping with other car names beginning with the letter C
such as the Corvair, Chevelle, Chevy II, and Corvette.
He claimed the name, "suggests the comradeship of
good friends as a personal car should be to its owner"
and that "to us, the name means just what we think
the car will do... Go!" The new Camaro name was then
unveiled. Automotive press asked Chevrolet product
managers, "What is a Camaro?" and were told it
was "a small, vicious animal that eats Mustangs."
The Camaro was first shown at a press preview in Detroit,
Michigan, on September 12, 1966, and then later in Los Angeles,
California, on September 19, 1966. The Camaro officially went on
sale in dealerships on September 29, 1966, for the 1967 model
The first-generation Camaro debuted in September 1966, for
the 1967 model year, up to 1969 on a new rear-wheel drive GM
F-body platform and would be available as a 2-door, 2+2 seating,
coupe or convertible with a choice of 250 cu in (4.1 L) inline-6
and 302 cu in (4.9 L), 307 cu in (5.0 L), 327 cu in (5.4 L),
350 cu in (5.7 L), or 396 cu in (6.5 L) V8 powerplants.
Concerned with the runaway success of the Ford Mustang,
Chevrolet executives realized that their compact sporty car, the
Corvair, would not be able to generate the sales volume of the
Mustang due to its rear-engine design, as well as declining
sales, partly due to the bad publicity from Ralph Nader's book,
Unsafe at Any Speed. Therefore, the Camaro was touted as
having the same conventional rear-drive, front-engine
configuration as Mustang and Chevy II Nova. In addition, the
Camaro was designed to fit a variety of power plants in the
engine bay. The first-generation Camaro would last until the
1969 model year and would eventually inspire the design of the
new retro fifth-generation Camaro.
Automotive Air Conditioner Basic Troubleshooting
some useful information
Introduced in February 1970, the second generation Camaro was
produced through the 1981 model year. The car was heavily
restyled and became somewhat larger and wider with the new
styling. Still based on the F-body platform, the new Camaro was
similar to its predecessor, with a unibody structure, front
subframe, an A-arm front suspension and leaf springs to control
the solid rear axle. Road & Track magazine picked the 1971 SS350
as one of the 10 best cars in the world in August 1971. RS, SS
and Z28 performance packages gradually disappeared. The Z28
package was reintroduced in 1977, largely in response to the
huge success of its corporate stablemate, the Pontiac Trans Am.
1980 and 1981 Z28's included a rear facing intake, with an
intake door that opened under full throttle.
'78 Chevrolet Camaro. The car took part in the movie Kill Bill, directed by Quentin Tarantino
The third generation Camaro was produced from 1982 to 1992.
These were the first Camaros to offer modern fuel injection,
Turbo-Hydramatic 700R4 four-speed automatic transmissions, five
speed manual transmissions, 16 inch wheels, a standard 4
cylinder engine and versatile hatchback bodies. The cars were
nearly 500 pounds lighter than the long running second
generation model. The legendary IROC-Z was introduced in 1985.
In 1987, the potent L98 5.7 V-8 engine was an option on the IROC-Z,
paired with an automatic transmission. The "20th Anniversary
Commemorative Edition" was offered in 1987 and a "25th
Anniversary Heritage Package" was available in 1992 but was
sold with a 305 High output engine instead of the 350 V8.
Beginning in 1988, the famed 1LE performance package was
introduced, optional on street models and for showroom stock
racing in the U.S. and Canada. The B4C or "police" package was
made available beginning in 1991. This basically created a Z28
in more subtle RS styling.
The fourth-generation Camaro debuted in 1993 on an updated
F-body platform. It retained the same characteristics since its
introduction in 1967: a coupe body style with 2+2 seating (with
an optional T-top roof) or convertible (introduced in 1994),
rear-wheel drive, and a choice of V-6 and V-8 engines. The
standard powerplant from 1993-1995 was a 3.4 liter V-6. A more
powerful 3.8 liter V-6 was introduced as an option in 1995 and
made standard in 1996.
Copyright holder has irrevocably released all rights
2002 - Camaro Z28.
The LT1 V-8 engine, which was introduced in the Corvette in
1992, was standard in the Z28. Optional equipment included
all-speed traction control and a new six-speed T-56 manual
transmission; a four-speed automatic transmission was also
available. Anti-lock brakes were standard equipment on all
Camaros. The 1997 model year included a revised interior, and
the 1998 models included exterior styling changes, and a switch
to GM's aluminum block LS1 used in the Corvette C5. The Camaro
remained in production through the 2002 model year, marking 35
years of continuous production. Production of the F-Body
platform was stopped due to slowing sales, a deteriorating
market for sports coupes, and plant overcapacity.
Based on the 2006 Camaro Concept
and 2007 Camaro Convertible Concept, production of the
fifth-generation Camaro was approved on 10 August 2006. Oshawa
Car Assembly produces the new Camaro
which went on sale in spring of 2009 as a 2010 model year
Production began on March 16, 2009. The 2010 Camaro is
offered as a coupe only in LS, LT, and SS trim levels.
LS and LT models are powered by a 3.6 L (220 cu in) V6 producing
304 hp (227 kW) mated to either a 6-speed manual or a 6-speed
automatic with manual shift. The SS is powered by the 6.2 L
(380 cu in) LS3 V8 producing 426 hp (318 kW) and is paired with
a 6-speed manual. The automatic SS gets the L99 V8 with 400 hp
(300 kW). The RS appearance package is available on both the LT
and SS and features 20-inch rims with a darker gray tone, halo
rings around xenon headlamps, and red RS or SS badges.
On April 1, 2010, the Camaro was named the World Car Design
of the Year at the World Car of the Year Awards.
The Camaro was one of the prominent vehicles in the SCCA-sanctioned
Trans-Am Series. Chevrolet contracted Roger Penske to operate
their "unofficial" factory-backed Trans Am team, winning the
title in 1968 and 1969 with Mark Donohue. Jim Hall's Chaparral
team replaced Penske for the 1970 season. Warren Agor of
Rochester, NY, was the series' leading Camaro privateer, his
orange #13's often jousting with the factory cars. Maurice
Carter of car dealer Maurice Carter Chevrolet-Oldsmobile in
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada took a new Camaro off his lot and
entered the 1970 Trans-Am Series. Carter earned the highest
placed Canadian independent driver score of all the Trans-Am
racers. Camaro were in use in Trans-Am until the late 1990s and
won further titles in 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1998.
There was also another SCCA Trans-Am Series Camaro that
wasn’t popular because of racing but because of its body
modifications. This Camaro had been built and driven by Henry
“Smokey” Yunick. It had proudly worn the number 13 and in later
years would make people look back on it. Smokey Yunick was an
innovator ahead of his time when building the 1968 Camaro. He
brought a new style into the racing world in many ways. The
Camaro had acid dipped body parts, thinner safety glass and
other weight reducing devices.
The Penske/Donohue Camaros also had the front sheet metal
dropped, all four fenders widened, windshield laid back, front
sub-frame “Z’d” to lower the car, the floor pan moved up and
even the drip-rails were moved closer to the body. This Camaro
had always kept its stock look and only had a 302 engine that
was able to produce 482 horsepower. This Camaro had later on
been bought by Vic Edelbrock. At this time he put it to use as a
test car for new age Chevy small block performance part. One
part that had come out of his testing was the Edelbrock
Cross-Manifold. To this day the Smokey Yunick 1968 Camaro is
owned by Vic Edelbrock Jr.
Bob Jane won both the 1971 and 1972 Australian Touring Car
Championships at the wheel of a Camaro.
The Camaro was the official car of and used in the
International Race of Champions starting in 1975 and lasting for
12 years until 1989. It was the first American car of the series
succeeding the Porsche Carrera RSR.
Today, Camaros are raced in many forms of auto racing
throughout the world. They are a favorite in drag racing and can
be currently found in several series from the National Hot Rod
Association, International Hot Rod Association, and United
States Hot Rod Association. Road racing Camaros can currently be
found in the Sports Car Club of America's American Sedan series.
They have also been the exclusive vehicle used in the Swedish
Camaro Cup series since 1975.
The Camaro not only participated in racing, but was bestowed
the honor of Indianapolis 500 Pace Car duties in 1967, 1969,
1982, 1993, and 2009. The Camaro also paced races at Daytona,
Watkins Glen, Mosport in Canada and Charlotte Motor Speedway.
The Camaro was also a regular in the IMSA GT Series.
The fifth-generation Camaro is expected to take to the tracks
in 2010 in the GT class of the Grand Am Road Racing
Championship. Stevenson Motorsports has announced it is seeking
to run a two-car team of Pratt & Miller built cars, based on the
same spaceframe as its existing Pontiac GXP-R.
The team also competes with Camaros in the Grand Sports class of
the Grand-Am's Continental Tire Challenge.
The Camaro has also made several notable appearances in film.
One of the more popular movie Camaros was a black 1967 model
driven by actor John Cusack in the 1985 film Better Off Dead.
The vehicle mode of the character Bumblebee in the 2007 film,
Transformers, is first a 1976 model Camaro
and later a fifth-generation concept variant. A modified
fifth-generation Camaro reprises the role of Bumblebee in the
sequel, Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.