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Alfa Romeo Alfasud

Alfasud sedan/saloon

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Alfasud sedan/saloon

The Alfa Romeo Alfasud is a compact car made by Alfa Romeo of Italy from 1971 to 1989. It was considered one of Alfa Romeo's most successful models, sold 893,719 examples from 1972 to 1983 plus 121,434 Sprint versions from 1976 to 1989. A common nickname for the car is ’Sud.

 
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History

The car was built at a new factory at Pomigliano d'Arco in southern Italy, hence the car's name, Alfa Sud (Alfa South). It was developed by Austrian Rudolf Hruska.

January 18, 1968 saw the registration at Naples of a new company named "Industria Napoletana Construzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A.". 90% of the share capital was subscribed by Alfa Romeo and 10% by Finmeccanica, at that time the financial arm of the government controlled IRI. Construction work on the company's new plant at nearby Pomigliano d'Arco began in April 1968, on the site of an aircraft engine factory used by Alfa Romeo during the war.

Make A Great Car History - some useful information

Three years later the Alfasud was shown at the Turin Motor Show in 1971 and was immediately praised by journalists for its styling (by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign) and handling. It featured a 1186 cc flat-4 engine.

Despite its two-box shape, it did not initially have a hatchback. The first production Alfasuds were four-door sedans, with a sporty two-door TI (Turismo Internazionale, or Touring International) model following at the end of 1973.

Alfa-Romeo Alfasud Giardiniera (Estate)

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Alfa-Romeo Alfasud Giardiniera (Estate)

In 1974, Alfa Romeo launched a more luxurious model the Alfasud SE. The SE was replaced by the 'L' (Lusso) model in 1975. The Lusso model was produced until 1976, by then it was replaced with the new '5M' model, the first four-door Alfasud with a 5 speed gearbox. A three-door station wagon model called the Giardinetta was introduced for the 1975 model year.

In 1976, the Alfasud Sprint was launched. On the same platform, it was a lower, more angular sports model. The Sprint did feature a hatchback, a more powerful 1286 cc 75 PS (55 kW) engine and a five-speed gearbox. The engine was later fitted into the standard Alfasuds, creating the 1300 TI models, and the five-speed gearbox found its way into the basic Alfasud, creating the 5M (5 Marce) model.

A 1490 cc engine was soon made available to all body shapes, originally developing 85 PS (63 kW). By the end of the Alfasud's life, there was a tuned version of the engine developing 105 PS (77 kW) in the Quadrifoglio Verde (Green Cloverleaf) model.

Despite strong engineering, Alfasuds (especially the early ones) had a strong reputation for suffering from rust, possibly due to the storage conditions of the bodies at the plant.

All Alfasuds were upgraded in 1980 with plastic bumpers and other revisions.

A hatchback was added to the original shape in 1981. The Giardinetta was deleted from most markets around this time. By now, most of its competitors were producing a hatchback of this size, although many of them were producing a saloon alternative.

The Alfasud sedans were replaced by the Alfa Romeo Arna and 33 models in 1983. The 33 was an evolution of the Alfasud's floorpan and running gear, including minor suspension changes and a change from four-wheel disc brakes to rear drum brakes in an effort to reduce costs. The Alfasud Sprint was renamed into Alfa Romeo Sprint in 1983, this model was continued until 1989 by sharing the 33's running gear.

 

Engines

  • 1971-1983 1.2 L (1186 cc) Alfa H4, 63–68 hp
  • 1977-1983 1.3 L (1286 cc) Alfa H4, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 1978-1983 1.4 L (1350 cc) Alfa H4, 79 hp
  • 1978-1983 1.5 L (1490 cc) Alfa H4, 85–105 hp (63–78 kW)
  • 1987-1989 1.7 L (1712 cc) Alfa H4, 118 hp

Alfasud in motorsport

From 1975 was arranged a one-car racing series for Alfasuds. One year later was started Alfasud trophy in Italy and Austria. Later France and Germany got their own competitions. In 1977 was time for "Trofeo Europa Alfasud" where best drivers from each country competed. The Trofeo Alfasud was with 1286 cc engine with Autodelta kit. Gerhard Berger is probably best known driver who participated Alfasud Trofeo. An Alfasud also made an appearance at the Bathurst 1000 in the late 1970s/early 1980s.

Alfasud 1st series

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Alfasud 1st series

Famous Alfasud conversions

  • Gian Franco Mantovani Wainer produced a one-off Bimotore version, with two 1186 cc engines and four-wheel drive for rallying. Wainer also produced a turbocharged Turbowainer model in 1983.
  • The Alfasud was the basis of the Minari kit car designed by Andy Borrowman and Sean Prendergast. Approximately 120 cars were sold throughout the 1990s.

 

Alfa Romeo Alfasud from 1979/80

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Alfa Romeo Alfasud - 1979/80

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Pictures and Stories of your Car

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Alfasud Bimotore - The car runs two alfa v6 engines from a 164

good site a pick of my car an alfasud bimotore the car runs two alfa v6 engines from a 164

 

Comments, Questions & Answers

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Text and images from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. under the GNU Free Documentation License  - Disclaimers  Please verify all information from other sources  as no liability can be accepted for the accuracy of this page.Published by Y2U.co.uk

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